In response, the Ottoman governor of Cyprus arrested and executed 486 prominent Greek Cypriots, including the Archbishop of Cyprus, Kyprianos, and four other bishops.
Reaction to Ottoman misrule led to uprisings by both Greek and Turkish Cypriots, although none were successful.
His brother and successor Aimery was recognised as King of Cyprus by Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor.
This status ensured that the Church of Cyprus was in a position to end the constant encroachments of the Roman Catholic Church.
As soon as the Greek War of Independence broke out in 1821, several Greek Cypriots left for Greece to join the Greek forces.
The international community considers the northern part of the island as territory of the Republic of Cyprus occupied by Turkish forces.
A major wave of Greek settlement is believed to have taken place following the Bronze Age collapse of Mycenaean Greece from 1100 to 1050 BC, with the island's predominantly Greek character dating from this period.
The Cypriots, led by Onesilus, king of Salamis, joined their fellow Greeks in the Ionian cities during the unsuccessful Ionian Revolt in 499 BC against the Achaemenid Empire.
The revolt was suppressed, but Cyprus managed to maintain a high degree of autonomy and remained oriented towards the Greek world.
Subsequent rule by Ptolemaic Egypt, the Classical and Eastern Roman Empire, Arab caliphates for a short period, the French Lusignan dynasty and the Venetians, was followed by over three centuries of Ottoman rule between 15 (de jure until 1914).
Cyprus was placed under British administration based on the Cyprus Convention in 1878 and was formally annexed by Britain in 1914.
The island was conquered by Alexander the Great in 333 BC.
Following his death and the subsequent division of his empire and wars among his successors, Cyprus became part of the Hellenistic empire of Ptolemaic Egypt.
Throughout Venetian rule, the Ottoman Empire frequently raided Cyprus.