For Zoroastrianism (also known as Parsism after those who fled from Iran to India) the oldest surviving copy of the most sacred prayer, the Ashem vohu, in the now dead language Sogdian from the ninth century; a copy of the law book Videvdad completed in 1323 and one of the four earliest known manuscripts in Avestan (the language of the founder Zoroaster); and many other Avestan scriptures dating from the 15th to the 19th centuries, together with other texts in Pahlavi (the languages of Sassanian Iran), Gujarati, and Persian.
The Library also has the only known copy of the first Parsee work printed in India, the Khordeh Avesta (Bombay, 1798).
The oldest, though incomplete, copy of the Guru Granth Sahib (the Adi Granth or 'First Book') to be found outside India and one of the 20 earliest manuscripts known, as well as copies of the Dasam Granth ('Tenth Book') of Guru Gobind Singh and the Janam Sakhis telling the life-stories of Baba Nanak.
Early and modern printed editions of the Sikh scriptures are also held.
Among the great Buddhist treasures are the earliest surviving Buddhist manuscripts in the world, the first-century Kharosthi scrolls from ancient Gandhara (modern Afghanistan), the Chinese translation of the Diamond Sutra dated 868 (the earliest dated printed document in the world), the Hyakumanto-dharani ('One Million Pagoda Prayers)' of the eighth-century Empress Shotoku from Japan.
From Tibet important copies of the Kanjur and Tanjur canons, and from India itself 12th-century beautifully-illustrated manuscripts from Bengal and Bihar of the Astasahasrika-prajnaparamita ('The Perfection of Wisdom').
He is known as Zartosht and Zardosht in Persian and Zaratosht in Gujarati.
The Zoroastrian name of the religion is Mazdayasna, which combines Mazda- with the Avestan language word yasna, meaning "worship, devotion".Zoroastrianism has no major theological divisions, though it is not uniform; modern-era influences having a significant impact on individual and local beliefs, practices, values and vocabulary, sometimes merging with tradition and in other cases displacing it.The name Zoroaster is a Greek rendering of the name Zarathustra.The various national churches comprising Eastern Orthodox Christianity are also well covered, including Russian, Bulgarian (with the beautifully illustrated Gospels of Tsar Ivan Alexander from the 14th century), Armenian, Georgian, Coptic, Syrian, Nubian, and from the Ethiopian Church, beside Gospels and Psalm Books, favourite texts such as the Miracles of Mary.The Ethiopian scriptures also hold significance for the Rastafarian community.and along with a Mithraic Median prototype and a Zurvanist Sassanid successor it served as the state religion of the pre-Islamic Iranian empires for more than a millennium, from around 600 BCE to 650 CE.